Should I go for it?

02. Juni 2023 | UPC

The Unitary Patent (UP) and Unified Patent Court (UPC) system have come into effect after decades of debate. The original main goals of saving costs – mainly translation costs – when compared to validating classical EP patents in a greater number of countries on the one hand, and easy enforcement in all EU countries with a single court action on the other hand, have somewhat faded in the background : (i) by means of the London Agreement from 2008, translation costs were drastically reduced, at least for applicants going just for core countries such as Germany, France and Great Britain; (ii) with Brexit, the United Kingdom (UK), one of the former core countries specifically with respect to enforcement, is out of this system. Additionally, Spain, Poland and Croatia decided to not participate in the new system.

What remains is a system allowing cost-effective coverage of 24 EU countries (once all such countries have completed all necessary formal steps) with a single UP and efficient enforcement in all such countries by a single court action.

Those applicants who were using a three country policy in the past (DE, FR, UK) will now have additional cost burden per patent if switching to the UP route instead (one additional full translation + slightly higher resultant annuity fees).

Those applicants who favored a larger number of countries or all countries (e.g., chemistry, pharmaceuticals, important patents) in the past, will greatly benefit cost-wise, particularly with regard to annuity fees and translation/validation costs. Moreover, such applicants may appreciate the possibility to go against an infringer in several countries by means of a single court action.

On the negative side, the risk of losing the UP by means of a single revocation action, and thus coverage in 24 countries at once, is a serious threat for any successful licensing program or proprietors who decide against licensing.

On the one hand, annuity payment is greatly simplified as payments no longer need to go to a number of different national authorities. On the other hand, the annuity payment is less flexible as the possibility to reduce the future costs by cutting certain number of countries will cease.

Those applicants who have difficulties deciding which side to favor may continue in regard to grants with classical EP patents until more experience with the new system exists. Hereby, they may either completely avoid the new system by declaring opt-out, or keep the possibility to play on both sides within the 7-year transitional period by not declaring opt-out. They may still declare opt-out anytime during the transitional period, provided no UPC court action is initiated in the meantime.


Pros Cons
One stop enforcement Risk of one stop revocation at the UPC
Cost effective coverage of all UPC countries Cost increase compared to three country (e.g., DE, FR, UK) validation policy
Simplified renewal administration in relation to UPC countries Lack of flexibility to slim down renewal fee payments and coverage over the life time of the patent
Enhanced predictability of court decisions in respect to countries traditionally not in the spotlight of litigation UPC is still an unknown territory in terms of quality, speed and costs